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Energy Conservation Practices and Goals


  1. Institute buildings and facilities will be operated in the most energy efficient manner without diminishing the quality of research and education.
  2. Energy efficiency improvement measures will be identified to the greatest extent possible, and all necessary steps will be undertaken to seek funding for their implementation and, upon securing availability of funds, expeditiously implement the measures.
  3. Construction, remodeling, renovation and repair projects will be designed, within budget constraints, for optimum energy utilization, lowest life-cycle operating costs, and in compliance with all applicable energy codes (Enhanced Title 24 Energy Codes) and regulations. Incorporation of energy efficient design features in project plans and specifications will receive a high priority within the available project budget.
  4. Cost-effective renewable and non-depleting energy sources will be considered, wherever possible, both in new construction projects and in existing buildings and facilities. Load shifting technologies such as thermal energy storage will also be considered.
  5. Necessary steps will be taken to provide adequate, reliable and cost-effective utilities infrastructure to meet the needs of present and planned future buildings and facilities.
  6. The Department will cooperate with federal, state and local governments and other appropriate organizations in accomplishing energy conservation and utilities management objectives, and inform students, faculty, and staff of the need for and methods of energy conservation and utilities management.
  7. Energy usage will be monitored on a daily basis and relevant reports prepared on a monthly basis.
  8. A campus-wide strategic energy plan will be developed and maintained, that will include recommendations in the areas of new construction, deferred maintenance, facility renewal, energy projects, and a structured energy management plan.

Operations and Maintenance

  1. Buildings will normally be heated to 68°F and cooled to 78°F.
  2. A computerized energy management system shall be operated and maintained that will provide centralized reporting and control of the campus energy related activities.
  3. All necessary arrangements will be made to achieve optimum efficiency in the use of natural gas, electricity, or any other purchased energy resources to meet the heating, cooling, and lighting needs of the buildings and/or facilities. Except for areas requiring special operating conditions, such as electronic data processing facilities, or other scientifically critical areas, where rigid temperature controls are required, buildings and/or facilities temperatures will be allowed to fluctuate between the limits stated above. Simultaneous heating and cooling operations to maintain a specific temperature in work areas will not be allowed unless special operating conditions dictate such a scheme to be implemented.
  4. All air conditioning equipment, including supply and return air fans, are to be shut off on weekends, holidays and for varying periods each night, except where it would adversely affect instruction, electronic data processing installations and other scientifically critical or 24-hour operations.
  5. The Department will participate in State sponsored demand reduction programs, where practical, during periods of CAISO Stage Alerts. Reductions in non-critical loads will be made in an effort to aid in the state electrical grid integrity.
  6. Windows in buildings and/or facilities that are air-conditioned will be kept closed and as secure as possible to prevent loss of conditioned air.
  7. Portable electric heaters and fans are not to be used in Institute facilities unless specifically required by occupants because of medical conditions, failure of the building heating, ventilating or air conditioning systems, or when building heating, ventilating or air conditioning systems cannot be adjusted to achieve minimum comfort levels within the provisions established under Item No. 1 above. Exemptions should occur only on a case-by-case basis. Use of refrigerators for non-instructional purposes should be consistent with good energy management practices. Personal refrigerators should be discouraged.
  8. Lighting, except what is required for security purposes, will be turned off when buildings and facilities are unoccupied, such as at the end of the workday.
  9. Indoor lighting will be reduced in number and/or wattage, wherever possible, to provide for the minimum but adequate lighting levels consistent with the needs of instructional programs and State mandated standards for the efficient and effective use of the spaces. Existing incandescent lamps for general-purpose lighting will be phased out wherever possible. New lighting systems will be in the form of the latest energy saving technology.
  10. Outside lighting on building exteriors and campus grounds will be maintained at levels necessary to provide security and safety to promote confidence within the campus community. Good energy management practices shall be observed within this guideline.
  11. Purely decorative lighting beyond reasonable display lighting, inside or outside, should not be added. Existing decorative lighting beyond reasonable display lighting should be eliminated on a continuing basis. In general, decorative lighting should not be used for commercial or holiday purposes unless specifically exempted by senior management.
  12. The utility plant and utilities infrastructure improvements will be maintained in good working order and preventive maintenance schedules will be followed to maintain the highest possible system efficiencies and, hence, lowest operating costs.
  13. When replacing energy consuming and/or utilities infrastructure equipment, the most cost-effective models will be selected. Life cycle costing procedures, instead of first capital cost only, will be utilized as the basis for all future equipment selection. Efforts will be made to secure additional funding if required to effect lowest life-cycle procurement.
  14. Necessary steps will be taken to conserve water resources, including such steps as installing controls to optimize irrigation water, and reducing water usage in restrooms and showers. The use of decorative fountains should be minimized. In the event of a declaration of drought, the Department will cooperate with the State, City and County governments to the greatest extent possible to effect additional water conservation.